Sri Lanka’s splendid medieval Polonnaruwa was the second capital of Sri Lanka after the destruction of Anuradhapura in 1070 AD. Which was plundered, made desolate and laid hopelessly bare to the invading armies from South India. Ancient city of Polonnaruwa consists of a lot of temples and religious buildings and has been declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO and was completely self-sufficient during King Parakramabahu’s reign and Sri Lanka became known as the Granary of the Orient.
The King Parakramabahu constructed extensive irrigation systems. The adage “not even a little water that comes from the rain must flow into the ocean without being made useful to man” is one of his most famous utterances. The Parakrama Sea for example is considered to be one of the greatest of these systems and the Parakrama Samudra (sea) is a landmark. Created by King Parakramabahu, it is the largest man-made rainwater reservoir in the country and remains a primary source of water for agriculture in this area.
Among the main tourist attractions at this city are, The old place of King Parakramabahu, Place Complex of King Nishshanka Malla, Nishshanka Latha Mandapaya, Potgul Vehera, Shiva Dewale, Statue of King Parakramabahu, Nelum Pokuna (Lotus Bath), Gal Viharaya.